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THE HISTORY OF OUR BIBLE:

The born again person will have a natural desire to read the Bible and to search the Scriptures. God did   not give certain people the gift to memorize or have more Scriptural knowledge. The secret is; the more you search the Scriptures the more you will know. Remember God deals with man through man’ conscience and He knows our motive. John 7:38, "He who believes in Me, as the Scriptures has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living waters". Luke 24:45, He opened their understanding, that they might comprehend the Scriptures.

 

Paul said to Timothy; "All Scriptures is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work", 2 Timothy 3:16. This does not mean all different translations of the Bible, make sure you are going to use the right translation. The Holy Spirit revive the contents of the Scriptures in our hearts. Some ignorant people refer to the tangible book as the "Word of God", the Word is in the contents of the Bible. The sooner you accept this statement the faster you will grow in the knowledge of the Scriptures. We must accept everything the Bible teach, not just certain teachings. If your minister or pastor teach something which is not what the Scriptures teach and you accept this, you will be judged in the future by this very same Bible, not him or her. Are you in a situation where you can recognize the truth. John 8:32, "And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free". If we do not know the truth, how can we be made free.

 

Hosea 4:6, "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge". Matthew 22:29, "You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God". Also, Mark 12:24; 1 Corinthians 15:34b, "For some do not have the knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame".

 

How to study the Bible: Do not read the Bible, study the Bible. Every time before you even attempt to study the Bible, pray and ask God the Father in the name of Jesus Christ for Scriptural wisdom and knowledge. James 1:5, "If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him".

 

* The first Book in the Bible you must study is the Gospel according to John.

* The second Book in the Bible you must study is the Gospel according to Luke.

* The third Book is The Acts of the Apostles, which is the extension of the Gospel of Luke.

 

a. Underline the verses which the Holy Spirit bring to your attention.

 

b. Make margin notes in your Bible to be able to link other Scripture verses.

 

Example: If you can remember this verse about love, John 3:16, "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son", this will be your key verse on love. All other Scripture verses about love can be linked from here to the next and then the next. John 13:34, "A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another". John 15:12, "This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you". Romans 13:9c. "You shall love your neighbor as yourself". 1 Corinthians 13, the chapter of love. 1 John 4:7 - 18, "Beloved let us love one another". etc.

 

c. We sometimes hear people say, "the Bible can be interpreted and seen in many ways". People use this as an excuse because of them clinging to traditional doctrine and the way they want to enrich themselves or to sooth their own conscience. There are two main categories in Scripture; Teaching and Doctrine. More on this subject can be read in my Bible study on "New wine in new bags". We can never change doctrine without affecting our relationship with God, these are facts. The person that is in full time ministry will know what I mean. Does God answer their prayers. Teaching is to give someone knowledge or wisdom. The Bible also teach God’s, past, present and future dealings with man.

 

1. The inspiration. 2 Timothy 3:16a. "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God".

Romans 15:4. "For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope".

 

2. The reference. The word Bible has its origin from the Greek word "biblia" which means; books.

 

3. Language of the Bible. The Old Testament was written in Hebrew with a few chapters in Aramaic. The New Testament with the exception of Matthew was written in "Koine" Greek. Matthew was written in Aramaic because Matthew was a Jew, this book was translated into Greek at a later stage. Aramaic was the language spoken by Jesus when He was on earth. The oldest known language spoken on earth was "Sumerian", this was 4500 BC, this was also the first written language on amulets.

 

4. Who wrote the Bible? The Bible was written by 40 people over a period of 1600 years.

The Bible was the first handwritten and printed Book in the world and is still the most popular Book that has the highest sales.

 

5. Divisions of the Bible. There are 66 Books and 2 main divisions in our Bible.

 

5.1 The Old Testament. Consisting of 39 Books. Divided into 5 sub - divisions.

 

1. The five Books of Moses "Pentateuch"- Genesis to Deuteronomy.

2. The twelve historical Books - Joshua to Esther.

3. The five poetical Books - Job to Songs of Solomon.

4. The five Books of the major Prophets - Isaiah to Daniel.

5. The twelve Books of the minor Prophets - Hosea to Malachi.

 

5.2 The New Testament. Consisting of 27 Books. Divided into 5 sub - divisions.

          

1. The four Gospels - Matthew to John.

2. The Christian historical Book - The Acts. 

3. The fourteen Epistles of Paul - Romans to Hebrews.

4. The seven general Epistles - James to Jude. 

5. The prophetical Book - The Revelation.

 

5.3 Old Testament. 39 - Books.

 

The five Books of Moses. Written Author
1.  Genesis. 50 Chapters.      1689 BC.  Moses.
2.  Exodus. 40.   1500 BC.   Moses.
3.  Leviticus. 27.      1491 BC.    Moses.
4.  Numbers. 36.    1490 BC.   Moses.
5.  Deuteronomy. 34.   1451 BC.      Moses.
The twelve historical Books. Written Author
6.   Joshua. 24 Chapters.  1350 BC.  Joshua
7.   Judges. 21 1050 BC. Unknown.

8.   Ruth. 4. 

950 BC.   Unknown.
9.  1 Samuel. 31.     950 BC.     Unknown.
10. 2 Samuel. 24.   950 BC.    Unknown.
11.1 Kings. 22.     590 BC.     Unknown.
12. 2 Kings. 25.    590 BC.     Unknown.
13. 1 Chronicals. 29. 1015 BC.  Unknown.
14.  2 Chronicals. 36. 1005 BC. Unknown.
15. Ezra. 10.     500 BC.      Ezra.
16. Nehemiah. 13.    450 BC.      Nehemiah.
17. Esther. 10.     450 BC.    Unknown.
The five poetical Books. Written Author
18. Job. 42 Chapters.  1000 BC. Unknown.
19. Psalms. 150. 1000 BC. David and others.
20. Proverbs. 31.     1000 BC.   Solomon and others.
21. Ecclesiastes. 12.   1000 BC. Solomon.
22. The Song of Solomon. 8.  1000 BC.  Solomon.
The five Books of the major Prophets. Written Author
23. Isaiah. 66 Chapters.    700 BC.    Isaiah.
24. Jeremiah. 52.  600 BC.  Jeremiah.
25. Lamentations. 5.  550 BC. Jeremiah.
26. Ezekiel. 48. 590 BC. Ezekiel.
27. Daniel. 12.              600 BC.         Daniel.
The twelve Books of the minor Prophets. Written  Author
28. Hosea. 14 Chapters.   750 BC.  Hosea. 
29. Joel. 3.  850 BC.                 Joel.               
30. Amos. 9.          750 BC.  Amos.
31. Obadiah. 1.   550 BC.  Obadiah.
32. Jonah. 4.  750 BC.    Jonah.
33. Micah. 7.   750 BC.    Micah.
34. Nahum. 3.  650 BC.  Nahum.
35. Habakkuk. 3. 650 BC. Habakkuk.
36. Zephaniah. 3.  650 BC.  Zephaniah.
37. Haggai. 2.     550 BC.    Haggai.
38. Zechariah.14 550 BC. Zechariah.  
39. Malachi. 4.        400 BC.       Malachi.

         

          5.4 New Testament. 27 - Books.

 

The four Gospels.  Written Author
40. Matthew. 28 Chapters. 50 AD. Matthew.
41. Mark. 16.  65 AD. Mark.
42. Luke. 24.    65 AD. Luke.
43. John. 21.            85 AD.     John.

 

The Christian Church historical Book.

 

44. The Acts. 28 Chapters. 

65 AD. 

Luke.

The fourteen Epistles of Paul.  Written Author
45. Romans. 16 Chapters. 58 AD. Paul.
46. 1 Corinthians. 16. 58 AD. Paul.
47. 2 Corinthians. 13.  60 AD. Paul.
48. Galatians. 6.     55 AD.  Paul.
49. Ephesians. 6.      60 AD.   Paul.
50. Philippians. 4.   60 AD. Paul.
51. Colossians. 4.  60 AD.  Paul.
52. 1 Thessalonians. 5.      52 AD.    Paul.
53. 2 Thessalonians. 3.   53 AD.    Paul.
54. 1 Timothy. 6.    65 AD. Paul.
55. 2 Timothy. 4.      68 AD.      Paul.
56. Titus. 3.     65 AD.     Paul.
57. Philemon. 1.   60 AD.    Paul.
58. Hebrews. 13.    65 AD. Paul.
The seven general Epistles. Written Author
59. James. 5 Chapters.   50 AD.  James.
60. 1 Peter. 5.   60 AD.  Peter.
61. 2 Peter. 3. 66 AD.  Peter.
62. 1 John. 5. 90 AD. John.
63. 2 John. 1.  90 AD. John.
64. 3 John. 1.  90 AD.  John.
65. Jude. 1.    68 AD.  Jude.

        

The prophetical Book

 

66. Revelation. 22 Chapters

95 AD.

John.

 

6. Facts of the Bible.

Books - 1,189 chapters - 929 chapters in the Old Testament and 260 chapters in the New Testament - 31,214 verses - 773,746 words and then 3,566,480 letters .                                                                                      

 

The longest verse - Esther 8:9.                                                        The shortest verse - John 11:35.

The middle Book - Micah.                                                                 The middle verse- Psalm 118:8.

The shortest chapter - Psalm 117.                                                   The longest chapter - Psalm 119.

The shortest Book - 2 nd Epistle of John.                                       The longest book - Psalms.

7.    The Apocrypha.

7.1 The books of the Apocrypha was added in some of the old Roman Catholic Bibles. These books are not found in most of the modern day Bibles. 

The   word Apocrypha means : ‘hidden’. These books were added between Malachi and Matthew.

1         The First Book of Esdras - 9 chapters.

2         The Second Book of Esdras - 16 chapters.

3         Tobit - 14 chapters.

4         Judith - 16 chapters.

5         The Rest of the Chapters of the Book of Esther - 10 chapters.

6         The Wisdom of Solomon - 19 chapters.

7         Ecclesiasticus or the Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirach - 51 chapters.

8         Baruch - 5 chapters.

9         A Letter of Jeremiah - 1 chapter.

10     The Song of the Three - 1 chapter.

11     Daniel and Susanna - 1 chapter.

12     Daniel, Bel and the Snake - 1 chapter.

13     The Prayer of Manasseh - 1 chapter.

14     The First Book of Maccabees - 16 chapters.

15     The Second Book of Maccabees - 15 chapters

The Apocrypha was added to the Books of the Bible by Jerome of the Vulgate, in Latin, 390 AD. In 1611 AD the King James Bible added the Apocrypha to the Books of the Bible. In 1885 AD the Apocrypha was removed from the Books of the Bible because of the non spiritual contents thereof. The books of the Apocrypha was written 200 BC - 200 AD. 

8.   Year - history of the Bible.   Chapters was added to the Bible in the year 1236 AD. The  first English hand written Bible was completed in the year 1380 AD. The first printed Bible in Latin was completed in the year 1450 AD, this Bible was referred to as the “Gutenberg Bible”, and measured 450 mm high. The verses in the Bible was added in the year 1557 AD to the “Geneve Bible” in Switzerland.

9.   Manuscripts and Texts of the Bible.   There are many translations and paraphrases available of the Bible. You are going to spend many hours and years in the Bible, make sure that you are going to use the best translation of the Bible. A translation was done from the original Text. A paraphrase was done from a translation, changed grammatically, for people to understand. The scribes have re - written and saved the Manuscripts and Texts of the Bible. Some of the following Manuscripts and Texts were found on tablets, amulets, parchments and papyrus.

9.1  Masoretic Text. This is one of the oldest original Texts of the Old Testament, and  was used as the basic Text for the Old Testament. The Text is named after a group of scribes who found, saved and used the same 950 BC. The Text was written in Aramaic.

9.2   Kethib. - this means - what was written and is copied from the Masoretic Text. The Text was written 900 BC with margin notes. The margin notes was referred to as the “Masora”.

9.3  Qere. - this means - to be read, in Aramaic copied from the Masoretic Text with margin notes that worked like a concordance. This was done 850 BC.

9.4   ben Asher Text.  600 BC. One of the leaders of the Masoretic scribes, Ben Asher, combined the “Masoretic”, “Ketib” and the “Qere” and referred to this as the “ben Asher Text”. This Text was the only Text accepted by the Hebrew council 1200 AD.

9.5   Samaritan Pentateuch. This Manuscript consisted only of the 5 Books of Moses. This was used by the Samaritans and was written in “Paleo Hebrew”.

9.6    Syriac. This Text was used by most of the Jews 40 AD. The Text was copied from the Samaritan Pentateuch excluding the book Leviticus.

9.7   Peshitta. This Text was referred to as “The Simple Text” done in Hebrew 464 AD. The Text was seen as an improvement of the Syriac Text.

9.8    Samaritan Targums. This is a Aramaic paraphrase of the Samaritan Pentateuch.

9.9    Septaugint LXX. This is a Text of the Old Testament, translated into Greek from the Hebrew Text. This translation was done in Alexandria, Greece 300 BC. This Text was seen as the Text used in the temple in Palestine during the time of Jesus. 

9.10 Vulgate Text. This is a Latin translation of the complete Bible including the Apocrypha  done by Jerome 390 AD.

9.11  Majority Text. This is a Greek New Testament Text done 100 AD. This is very much the same as the Textus Receptus.

9.12  Codex Vaticanus. This is also a Greek New Testament Text dated 300 AD. The rest of the new Testament after Hebrews 9 = 14 is missing. Translation done for the Roman Emperor Constantine by Eusebius, who was a follower of the Egyptian gnostic Origen.

9.13  Codex Sinaiticus. In 1844 AD found by Konstantinus von Tischendorf 43 scripts of the Old Testament in Greek dated 400 AD, in ‘n monastery at the feet of the mount Sinai. He returned later in 1859 AD and found the first complete New Testament in Greek dated 400 AD translated by Eusebius.

9.14  Codex Bezae. New Testament Text with uncompleted Gospels and The Acts in Latin 500 AD.

9.15  Codex Leningradensis. This is the oldest Latin Text of the complete Bible dated 1008 AD.

9.16  Dead Sea Scrolls. Also know as the “Qumran Scrolls”, found at the town of Qumran. These Manuscript were found in caves at the Dead Sea in 1947 by shepherds. The Dead Sea Scrolls are now classed as the oldest Manuscripts ever found. The Second eldest, “Nash Papyrus”. The third eldest the “Cairo Genizia”. These Manuscripts are kept at the Cambridge University Library.

9.17  Ugaritic. Found by a Syrian farmer in 1928 while ploughing his field. He came across a flat rock. This was the lid of a tomb. Archaeologist where called and this led to the discovery of the city of “Ugarit”, today called “Ras Shamra”. These Scrolls are also referred to as the “Baal Cycle”, dated 500 BC.

9.18  BIBLIA HEBRAICA. This Text is based on the ben Asher Text, the Septaugint and the Latin Vulgate - this is seen to this day as the best Old Testament Text. This is an Old Testament Manuscript. The King James version and the old Afrikaans translation of the Bible is based on this Manuscript. This Manuscript is kept in Stuttgard.

9.19  TEXTUS RECEPTUS.  Also known as the “Received Text”, the “Traditional” or the Byzantine Text. This is a Greek New Testament Text and is classed of the best in the world. This Text is based on 95% of the Greek Manuscripts and was used to translate the “New King James” translation and the old “Afrikaans” translation.

9.20 Nestle – Aland Greek New Testament.          and read with  the……..

United Bible Society Greek New Testament. This Text is also referred to as “modern electric” or “critical text”. The NIV (New International Version) and most of the modern paraphrases come from this Text. This paraphrased script does not use all the Greek Manuscripts. Please check and compare some of the important doctrinal statements and you will be surprised.

Example:

Jesus was the only begotten son of God the Father, is this what your Bible read in; John 1:14, 1:18,  3:16,  3:18. God has many sons and daughters but Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit whom makes Jesus God’s only begotten Son.

NB: A list of some of the serious changes and omissions are available: 'Translations of the Bible'.

There are many more Manuscript to mention, the above mentioned are important to how our Bible came to us.

Why verse duplication in the Bible. Now you can understand why there are verses in the Old Testament that were duplicated. Some scribe slipped up.

For example:

2 Kings 19:1 - 14 and Isaiah 37:1 - 14, these verses are word for word the same. Also see.  2 Chronicles 36:22 - 23 and Ezra 1:1 - 3 same. etc.

There are epistles mentioned in the Bible that are not found. Colossians 4:16. What about the Epistle of Thomas. Some of these manuscripts, example; “Hammadi Papyri”. Twelve Books where found at the town of “Nag Hammadi” in Egypt by two brothers in caves and they left these at the “Coptic Museum” in Cairo, Egypt.

I am being asked quite often, which translation I will recommend, with no doubt;

English - the “New King James” version. This does not contain all the “thee” and “thow’s”.

Afrikaans - the old 1933, 1953, 1954, 1957, 1992 translation.

The question is not do we know the Bible - do we know the God of the Bible.  

ALGEMEEN:

A.  Maande van die jaar.

1. Januarie   Tebet X           29 dae   Ester 2 = 16
2. Februarie Sebat XI          30 dae  Sagaria 1 = 7
3. Maart  Adar XII           29 dae  Ester 3 = 7
4. April    Nissan I           30 dae  Ester 3 = 7
5. Mei  Sif II                29 dae    1 Konings 6 = 1
6. Junie    Siwan III          30 dae  Ester 8 = 9
7. Julie   Tammus IV      29 dae    Sagaria 8 = 19
8. Augustus   Ab V                30 dae    Esra 7 = 9
9. September Elul VI             29 dae      Nehemia 6 = 15
10. Oktober   Etanim VII       30 dae 1 Konings 8 = 2
11. November  Bull Vll            29 dae   1 Konings 6 = 38
12. December   Kuslew lX        30 dae Nehamia 1 = 1

B.  Tyd in die Ou Testament.

1. Eerste waak  6 uur - middernag. Klaagliedere 2 = 19
2. Middelste nagwag  middernag - 3 uur in die môre. Rigters 7 = 19
3. Môrewag    3 uur - 6 uur in die môre. Exodus 14 = 24

C.  Tyd in die Nuwe Testament.

1. Eerste waak    6 uur - 9 uur in die aand - nagwaak.
2. Tweede waak         9 uur - 12 uur in die aand - middernag.
3. Derde waak          12 uur - 3 uur in die môre - hanekraai.
4. Vierde waak   3 uur - 6 uur in die môre - oggend.

D. Lengtemate van die Bybel.

1. Vinger     2.5cm Jeremia 52 = 21
2. Handbreedte    7 sentimeter    Exodus 25 = 25
3. Span   5 sentimeter Exodus 39 = 9
4. EL     1.5 meter    Genesis 6 = 15
5. Vaam  4 el    Handelinge 27 = 28
6. Meetroede 1.5 vaam - 3.3 m   Esegiel 40 = 3,4
7. Linnetou  13.3 meetroedes - 40 m  Esegiel 40 = 3
8. Akker   .5 hektaar      Jesaja 5 = 8
9. Morg  1 hektaar Jesaja 5 = 10
10. Myl     1.6 kilometer of 7 stadië     Johannes 6 = 19
11. 200 myl 1400 stadië Openbaring 14 = 20
12. 1500 myl   10500 stadië   Openbaring 21 = 16
13. 1 Dagreis  30 km     Numeri 10 = 33, Jona 3 = 3
14. 1 Stadium 180 m      Johannes 6 = 19

E.  Inhoudsmate van die Bybel.

1. Log     .5 liter  Levitikus 14 = 10
2. Hin    4 liter   Levitikus 19 = 34
3. Bat   22 liter    Esegiel 45 = 10
4. 2000 bat  44000 liter  I Konings 7 = 26
5. Anker 15 liter   Johannes 2 = 6
6. 6 Klipwaterkanne   95 liter     Johannes 2 = 6
7. Efa   1 bat - 22 liter Jesaja 5 = 10
8. Homer  10 bat - 220 liter Esegiel 45 = 14
9. Kor 10 efa - 220 liter  Esegiel 45 = 14
10. Kab   57gram 2 Konings 6 = 25
11. Gomer 2 liter  Exodus 16 = 36
12. Maat  5 liter  Mattheus 13 = 33

F.  Gewigte van die Bybel.

1.  1 x Talent  60kg
2.  1 x Mina  1kg
3.  1 x Sikkel 16.5g
4.  1 x Beka .5 sikkel
5.  1 x Gera 20% van sikkel
6.  50 x sikkels  1 x mina
7.  1 x Pond, Romeinse .325kg

G.  Munte van die Bybel.

1.   Gera   6g silwer   Exodus 30 = 13
2.   Beka     6g goud  Exodus 28 = 26
3.   Sikkel  113g goud      Exodus 30 = 13
4.   Stater    1 x silwer muntstuk Mattheus 17 = 27
5.   30 x Silwerstukke 30 x silwer muntstukke Mattheus 26 = 15
6.   20 x Sikkels    20 x silwer muntstukke  Genisis 37 = 28
7.   1 x Oortjie .5 x sent  Matheus 5 = 26
8.   .5 x Sikkel  Tempelbelasting   Mattheus 17 = 24
9.   1 x Penning     2 x sent  Lukas 15 = 8
10. 1 x Stuiwer  1 x sent      Matthues 10 =29
11. 1 x Talent goud  R 10 000 1 Kronieke 29 = 4
12. 10 x Talente silwer 342kg silwer      2 Konings 5 = 5
13. 10 x Talente silwer 1 x miljoen rand Matthews 18 = 24
14. 6000 x Sikkels goud 68kg goud   2 Konings 5 = 5
15. 100 x Pennings R 2  Mattheus 18 = 28
16. 300 x Pennings    300 x silwer muntstukke  Markus 14 = 5
17. 1 x Pond, Romeinse  1 x Goue muntstuk    Lukas 19 = 13
18. 1 x Dariek    342 ton silwer  1 Kronieke 29 = 9
19. 1 x Dragme  .5 ton goud    Esra 2 = 6

H.  Kosbare metale van die Bybel.

1. Goud  Genisis 2 = 11
2. Koper   Exodus 38 = 8
3. Lood    Exodus 15 = 10
4. Silwer Genisis 23 = 15
5. Tin   Numeri 31 = 22
6. Yster  Numeri 31 = 22

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